Assisi’s Roman origins are evident in several monuments such as the façade of the Temple of Minerva, the Amphitheatre, the City Walls, and the Forum. Its Roman name was Asisium.
Following the fall of the Roman Empire the town was occupied by the Goths (1545) and at a later time by the Lombards. During the Middle Ages, Assisi became an independent municipality and flourished especially thanks to the monastic movements (the Benediction Order in particular).
Its most illustrious citizen was Saint Francis. He was born in 1182 and was canonized as a Saint in 1228, only two years after his death, by Pope Gregory IX.
Later on several Signorias ruled the town, including the Signoria of Gian Galeazzo Visconti, of the Montefeltro line, of Braccio Fortebraccio and of Francesco Sforza, until the half of the XVI century, when Umbria was conquered by Pope Paolo II, who restored the papal power on the town.
It was only later, in the XIX century, that the town became part of the emerging Italian State.