Conferita il 21 Dicembre 2000

The city of Assisi, the Basilica di San Francesco, the Basilica di Santa Maria degli Angeli and other Franciscan sites, with almost all of the township, constitute a World Heritage Site. The registration, which took place in 2000, is based on the recognition of a uniqueness of “cultural landscape” consisting of material and immaterial assets. Five criteria (the six covered by the 1972 Convention) have been met:

(i) Assisi represents an ensemble of masterpieces of human creative genius such as the Basilica di San Francesco, a fundamental reference for art history in Europe and in the world;

(ii) The diffusion of the artistic and spiritual message of the Franciscan Order has significantly contributed to the development of art and architecture in the world;

(iii) Assisi is a unique example of continuity of a city sanctuary in its natural environment from its Umbrian-Roman and medieval origins to the present day, represented by the cultural landscape, the religious ensembles, the communication systems and the traditional land use;

(iv) The Basilica di San Francesco is an outstanding example of a type of architectural ensemble that has significantly influenced the development of art and architecture itself;

(vi) Assisi, the place of birth of the Franciscan Order, has been closely associated since the Middle Ages to the cult and spread within the Franciscan movement in the world, conveying a universal message of peace and tolerance even to other religions or beliefs.

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